Basic Disaster Life Support is targeted to multiple disciplines including emergency medical service (EMS) personnel, hazardous materials personnel, public health personnel and health care providers. The goal of teaching multiple disciplines simultaneously is to develop a commonality of approach and language in the health care community, improving the care and coordination of response in Weapons of Mass Destruction disasters and public health emergencies. The BDLS course is a review of the "all-hazards" topics, including natural and accidental man-made events, traumatic and explosive events, nuclear and radiological events, biological events, and chemical events. Also included is information on the health care professionals’ role in the public health and incident management systems, community mental health, and special needs of under served and vulnerable populations. The recognition and management of the disaster scene and victims are reinforced through a unique approach, introduced in the Core Disaster Life Support Course called the D-I-S-A-S-T-E-R Paradigm, which helps to organize the students' preparation and response to disaster management. The paradigm emphasizes an "all-hazards" approach to mass casualty incident management and facilitates ongoing qualitative and quantitative assessment of an incident.
The mass casualties triage system used in BDLS and the other NDLS courses employs the S.A.L.T. methodology. ID-me! is a simple mnemonic for sorting patients during triage of mass casualties, and it is used effectively in the S.A.L.T. triage model. A detailed discussion and application of these assessment tools is reinforced throughout the BDLS and ADLS courses.
Physicians, registered or licensed practical nurses, paramedics or national intermediate EMTs, physician assistants, allied health professionals, dentists, pharmacists, public health professionals, public safety officials, veterinarians, health profession students and mental health professionals. All course fees are covered through a grant from Metropolitan Medical Response Systems. Course materials, certificate of completion, lunch and refreshments will be provided. To research more information about disaster training, visit the National Disaster Life Support Foundation website.