The division offers an optional third year of training to ID residents who are interested in and show particular promise with regard to academic careers in infectious diseases. The entire third year of training is dedicated to research with minimal clinical responsibilities. Third-year ID residents continue to participate in the infectious diseases ambulatory clinics one half-day per week to maintain clinical skills. Third-year ID residents may share call with other fellows and faculty. The third year of fellowship programming for trainees interested in academic careers provides the additional research and academic experience essential for competing successfully for extramural, peer-reviewed grant funding.rated for interdisciplinary participation.